राज्य वार तीर्थ स्थान
Wednesday, June 6, 2012
गोलू देवता मंदिर
Golu Devata ' or Lord Golu (Hindi: गॊलू दॆवता) is the legendary mythological and historical God of the Kumaun region of Uttarakhand state ofIndia and is their the much loved deity. The Golu Devta Chitai, temple is about 4 km from the main gate of Binsar wildlife sanctuary & about 10 kms. from Almora.
Golu Devata is thought to be as an incarnation of Gaur Bhairav (Shiva), and is worshipped all over the region and regarded as the dispenser of justice by the devotees with extreme faith.
Historically, he is considered as the brave son and General of Katyuri king, Jhal Rai and his mother was Kalindra, and his grandfather was Hal Rai and great-grandfather was Hal Rai. Historically the origin of Golu Devata is accepted atChampawat. His mother Kalindra is believed to be the sister of two other local deities Harishchand Devjyun (the divine spirit of Raja Harish of the Chands) and Sem Devjyun and both these deities are regarded as uncles of Lord Golu.
Another legend suggests that he was a General in the army of Chand king, Baz Bahadur's (1638–78), and died displaying exemplary valour at war, the temple was erected in his honour, at Chitai, 8 km from Almora city.
Another legend says that Golu Devta was killed by the king ofBinsar due to some false doubt, and he was beheaded by the king and his boy felled at Gairad at Dana Golu and his head felled at Kaparkhan, near modern day Binsar, a few km from Almora.At Dana Golu, there is the original and most ancient temple of Golu Devta is situated.
The most popular story about Gwalla talks of a local king who, while hunting, sent his servants to look for water. The servants disturbed a woman who was praying. The woman, in a fit of anger, taunted the king that he could not separate two fighting bulls and proceeded to do so herself. The king was very impressed by this deed and he married the lady. When this queen got a son, the other queens, who were jealous of her, placed a stone in its place and the child in a cage and put the cage into the river. The child was brought up by a fisherman. When the boy grew up he took a wooden horse to the river and on being questioned by the queens he replied that if women can give birth to stone then wooden horses can drink water. When the king heard about this, he punished the guilty queens and crowned the boy, who went on to be known as Gwalla devata.
Golu Devta is seen in form of Lord Shiva, his brother Kalva Devta is in form on Bhairava and Garh Devi is form of Shakti. Golu Devta is also prayed as key deity(Ista/ Kula Devta) in many villages of Chamoli. Normally three days pooja or 9 days pooja is performed to worship Lord Golu Devta also known as Goreel Devta in Chamoli District. Golu Devta is offered Ghee, Milk, Curd, Halwa, Poori, Pakauri and head of Goat sacrificed. Two Male Goat scarifice ( Bali) is performed. Preferred black in colour. One in the temple of Golu devta and the other outside temple in remote location. The sacrificed goat is received as Prasada of pooja. Golu devta is known as God of justice and prayed with great pride and enthusiasm. Golu Devta is offered with White Cloths, white pagari and white shaal.
There are many temples of Golu Devata in Kumaun, and the most popular are at Chitai, Champawat, Ghorakhal. It is the popular belief that Golu Devata dispense quick justice to the devotee.
Devotees in turn offers bells and Sacrifice the animals after the fulfillment of their wishes. Thousands of bells of every size can be easily seen hanging over the temple premises. Many devotees file a lot of written petitions daily, which are received by the temple.